What is prayer and fasting?
Prayer and fasting is defined as voluntarily going without food in order to focus on prayer and fellowship with God. Prayer and fasting often go hand in hand, but this is not always the case. You can pray without fasting, and fast without prayer. It is when these two activities are combined to God's Glory that they reach their full effectiveness.
What does prayer and fasting accomplish?
Having a dedicated time of prayer and fasting is not a way of manipulating God into doing what you desire. Rather, it is simply forcing yourself to focus and rely on God for strength, provisions, protection and wisdom.
Isaiah 58:8-9 promises this...
...your light shall break forth like the morning,
Your healing shall spring forth speedily,
and your righteousness shall go before you;
The glory of the Lord shall be your rear guard.
Then you shall call, and the Lord will Answer;
You shall cry, and He will say, 'Here I am.'
What do I fast from?
Food mainly, but there are many circumstances, types and lengths of fast mentioned in the bible. The three most commonly found fasts in scripture are the Absolute Fast, the Normal Fast, and the Partial Fast. On the Absolute Fast you take nothing - no food, no water. On a Normal Fast, you typically go without good of any kind and drink only water, and plenty of it. A Partial Fast usually involves giving up particular foods and drinks. When deciding what to fast from, the important questions to ask yourself is, "Will this be a sacrifice for me?". The whole point in fasting is to decrease in the things we want so God can accomplish what He wants.
What's the benefit?
Read more on the benefit of corporate fasting by clicking here.